Survey

EARLIER DISCOVERIES

Ancient site of Komana Pontika has not been investigated properly until today but was identified previously by travellers through the inscriptions found in the vicinity of the site. Hamilton (1842), Anderson (1903) and Cumonts (1906) have described the ruins at and around Tokat and Komana in their published explorations, and Wilson (1960) compiled all of the information concerning the settlements of Tokat region in his thesis.

2008 Archaeological Survey

The survey conducted at the ancient site of Komana since 2004 was extended to the territory of the site in 2007. The aim of the 2007 survey had been to understand the settlement pattern in the territory of Komana. The survey was done by a team of four in two weeks and a large number of Middle-Late Byzantine sites were discovered. In addition to these sites, the Hellenistic/Byzantine period fortresses that were recorded during the survey promise a better understanding of the defence system especially in the Hellenistic period.

2007 Archaeological Survey

The survey conducted at the ancient site of Komana since 2004 was extended to the territory of the site in 2007. The aim of the 2007 survey had been to understand the settlement pattern in the territory of Komana. The survey was done by a team of four in two weeks and a large number of Middle-Late Byzantine sites were discovered. In addition to these sites, the Hellenistic/Byzantine period fortresses that were recorded during the survey promise a better understanding of the defence system especially in the Hellenistic period.

2006 Archaeological Survey

The aim of the 2006 season was to conduct archaeological survey towards the west of Hamamtepe, and complete the surveys in the immediate vicinity of the site, continue with geophysical prospection at the northern side of Hamamtepe as well as around a Byzantine structure between Kılıçlı and Bula villages that was illegally and partially excavated and finally to create an elevation model of Hamamtepe. The survey which was conducted in September for three weeks suggested that the settlement had a denser spread on the east since archaeological finds became scarce as the team moved towards the west. The magnetometer survey revealed a large building to the north of Hamamtepe and several structures around the Byzantine building.

2005 Archaeological Survey

The field work conducted in June 2005 included both archaeological survey and geophysical prospection. While recording of architectural features and inscriptions in nearby villages that possibly originated from Komana continued, gradiometer and electrical resistivity survey begun at sites with potential architectural remains identified in 2004.

2004 Archaeological Survey

The main objective of the archaeological survey project which began in 2004 is to shed light on the settlement history of Komana through the ages. Komana as a temple-state must have had an unusual structure. Its independent political structure, the 6000 temple-slaves cultivating the land around the temple, its position as a religious and trade center and the fact that it had visitors from the neighbouring regions must have required the city to have both special buildings that would be appropriate for a sanctuary and features such as fortifications that are regularly found in ancient cities. On the other hand, this very unfamiliar administrative system may have required a totally different structure than these suggested above and that could only be revealed through surveys and excavations. Therefore, the investigations at Komana have extreme significance.

The survey in 2004 only included archaeological investigations at and around the site but in the coming years with the addition of the geophysical survey and support from various disciplines it will become a multi-disciplinary project.

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